Elite QandA


Which school of psychology is concerned primarily with human consciousness and self awareness?


  1. Which school of psychology is concerned primarily with human consciousness and self awareness?
  2. What is the study of psychology primarily concerned with?
  3. How did the school of behaviorism define psychology?
  4. Which of the following is an important concept of Sigmund Freud psychoanalytic theory?
  5. Which type of psychology degree focuses more on the clinical practice and less on research?
  6. Which school of thought is Sigmund Freud primarily associated with?
  7. Who is most associated with the functionalist movement?
  8. What was the primary conclusion of Stanley Milgram's obedience research?
  9. What is psychic energy in psychology?
  10. What would Freud say about Alice's slip of the tongue?
  11. What is Skinner's behaviorism theory?
  12. Which emphasizes the unconscious in regard to our behavior?
  13. What do behaviourists believe about behavior?
  14. What is functionalism school thought?
  15. What is a PsyD degree?
  16. What is the highest degree in psychology?
  17. What is the major problem with the original Milgram study?
  18. What did Stanley Milgram believe?
  19. How did functionalism lead to behaviorism?
  20. What is functionalism in psychology William James?
  21. Who is associated with the functionalist movement?
  22. What are positive psychologists most likely to study?
  23. What is Cathexis and Anticathexis?
  24. What is the source of psychic energy?
  25. What is Skinner's reinforcement theory?
  26. What is the Pavlov theory?
  27. Are emotions conscious or unconscious?
  28. What's the difference between subconscious and unconscious?
  29. Was Milgram's experiment justified?
  30. What is the operant conditioning theory?
  31. Is BF Skinner behaviorism?
  32. How much does a PhD in psychology make?
  33. Is psychology a BA or BS?
  34. Is a psy da dr?
  35. Who makes more money PhD or PsyD?
  36. What is functionalist approach?
  37. Is functionalism macro or micro?
  38. What was the Milgram obedience experiment?
  39. How does functionalism explain behavior?
  40. What is theory of functionalism?
  41. What is functionalism in psychology quizlet?
  42. What is functionalism in psychology PDF?
  43. What do functionalist psychologists focus?
  44. What causes cathexis?
  45. What is psychic energy called?
  46. What disorder is associated with learned helplessness?
  47. What was B.F. Skinner's main theory?
  48. Is innate and the source of psychic energy?
  49. What is Skinner's theory?
  50. What is Watson's theory of learning?
  51. What are some unconscious behaviors?
  52. Can someone unconscious cry?
  53. Is Sleeping unconscious or subconscious?
  54. Is Breathing conscious or subconscious?

Which school of psychology is concerned primarily with human consciousness and self awareness?

Psychodynamic psychology emphasizes the systematic study of the psychological forces that underlie human behaviour, feelings, and emotions and how they might relate to early experience. Consciousness is the awareness of the self in space and time and is defined as human awareness to both internal and external stimuli.

What is the study of psychology primarily concerned with?

Whereas biology and neuroscience study the biological or neural processes and how they relate to the mental effects they subjectively produce, psychology is primarily concerned with the interaction of mental processes and behavior on a systemic level.

How did the school of behaviorism define psychology?

The school of behaviorism defined psychology as. the scientific study of observable behavior. The modern biological perspective of psychology studies. the effects of biological factors on our behavior.

Which of the following is an important concept of Sigmund Freud psychoanalytic theory?

Which of the following is an important concept of Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory? Behavior is influenced by personal conflicts at an unconscious level.

Which type of psychology degree focuses more on the clinical practice and less on research?

(PsyD)Like a PhD in Psychology, the Doctor of Psychology degree (PsyD) prepares students to practice psychology in a wide range of clinical settings. A PsyD, however, focuses more on clinical practice and less on research. As a result, this degree requires fewer research and statistics courses and thus takes less time.

Which school of thought is Sigmund Freud primarily associated with?

Psychoanalytic School of Thought PsychoanalysisThe Psychoanalytic School of Thought Psychoanalysis is a school of psychology founded by Sigmund Freud. This school of thought emphasized the influence of the unconscious mind on behavior.

Who is most associated with the functionalist movement?

John Dewey, George Herbert Mead, Harvey A. Carr, and especially James Rowland Angell were the main proponents of functionalism at the University of Chicago.

What was the primary conclusion of Stanley Milgram's obedience research?

Stanley Milgram reached the conclusion that people would obey instructions from those who they saw as legitimate authority figures, even if the instructions they received were to do something to harm another person. From this, Milgram concluded that people were socialized to follow immoral or unlawful orders.

What is psychic energy in psychology?

in classical psychoanalytic theory, the dynamic force behind all mental processes. According to Sigmund Freud , the basic sources of this energy are the instincts or drives that are located in the id and seek immediate gratification according to the pleasure principle.

What would Freud say about Alice's slip of the tongue?

What would Freud say about Alice's "slip of the tongue?" Alice may not have consciously wanted to insult her friend, but her slip of the tongue revealed her true feelings. provide positive reinforcement by rewarding his daughter and offering praise when she wears her helmet.

What is Skinner's behaviorism theory?

B.F. Skinner (1904–90) was a leading American psychologist, Harvard professor and proponent of the behaviourist theory of learning in which learning is a process of 'conditioning' in an environment of stimulus, reward and punishment. An important process in human behavior is attributed … to 'reward and punishment'.

Which emphasizes the unconscious in regard to our behavior?

Originating in the work of Sigmund Freud, the psychodynamic perspective emphasizes unconscious psychological processes (for example, wishes and fears of which we're not fully aware), and contends that childhood experiences are crucial in shaping adult personality.

What do behaviourists believe about behavior?

A Brief History of Behaviorism Simply put, strict behaviorists believe that all behaviors are the result of experience. Any person, regardless of his or her background, can be trained to act in a particular manner given the right conditioning.

What is functionalism school thought?

functionalism, in psychology, a broad school of thought originating in the U.S. during the late 19th century that attempted to counter the German school of structuralism led by Edward B. Moore, and John Dewey, stressed the importance of empirical, rational thought over an experimental, trial-and-error philosophy.

What is a PsyD degree?

The PsyD, or Doctor of Psychology, degree, is an alternative doctoral degree that focuses on the clinical and applied aspects of psychology. PsyD study revolves around preparing students for professional practice and clinical placement. These programs generally accept a higher number of students than PhD programs.

What is the highest degree in psychology?

doctoral degreeA doctoral degree is the highest level of education in the field of psychology. These degrees make you eligible to work without supervision and with the legal title of psychologist. Depending on the degree you choose, earning a doctorate in psychology could take anywhere from 4 to 8 years.

What is the major problem with the original Milgram study?

What is a major problem with the original Milgram study? Milgram lied to his respondents, making his study borderline unethical. What is the major flaw in the Asch conformity study? Asch ignored the importance of several factors influencing conformity- race, class, and gender.

What did Stanley Milgram believe?

Milgram believed that the method could be used to help individuals distance themselves from their speech and thereby gain novel insight into self-perception and social interactions.

How did functionalism lead to behaviorism?

Consequences. Functionalism had an important influence on the trajectory of psychology from the 19th century onward. Most notably, functionalism led directly to the emergence of behaviorism in the mid 20th century, which views human behavior as a type of 'reflex' in response to external stimuli.

What is functionalism in psychology William James?

Functionalism is concerned with explaining the function or purpose of certain forms of behavior, namely that of consciousness or our internal mental states. This theoretical perspective on psychology sought causal relationships between internal states (such as being happy) and external behaviors (such as laughter).

Who is associated with the functionalist movement?

William James : Founder Of The Functionalism Movement.

What are positive psychologists most likely to study?

Positive psychologists seek to encourage acceptance of one's past, excitement and optimism about one's future experiences, and a sense of contentment and well-being in the present. Related concepts are happiness, well-being, quality of life, contentment, and meaningful life.

What is Cathexis and Anticathexis?

Gary Waters / Getty Images. According to psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, the cathexis and anticathexis control how the id utilizes its energy. Cathexis refers to the id's dispersal of energy while the anticathexis serves to block inappropriate uses of this energy.

What is the source of psychic energy?

in classical psychoanalytic theory, the dynamic force behind all mental processes. According to Sigmund Freud , the basic sources of this energy are the instincts or drives that are located in the id and seek immediate gratification according to the pleasure principle.

What is Skinner's reinforcement theory?

American psychologist Burrhus Frederic Skinner or B.F. Along with his associates, Skinner proposed the Reinforcement Theory of Motivation. It states that behavior is a function of its consequences—an individual will repeat behavior that led to positive consequences and avoid behavior that has had negative effects.

What is the Pavlov theory?

Pavlov's Theory of Classical Conditioning Unlike the salivary response to the presentation of food, which is an unconditioned reflex, salivating to the expectation of food is a conditioned reflex. He opted to use food as the unconditioned stimulus, or the stimulus that evokes a response naturally and automatically.

Are emotions conscious or unconscious?

Emotion is an innate, powerful, and principally unconscious process. It alerts us to problems but doesn't bother us with processes that don't require conscious attention.

What's the difference between subconscious and unconscious?

The subconscious is that part of consciousness that is not currently in focal awareness. The unconscious mind consists of the processes in the mind that occur automatically and are not available to introspection, and include thought processes, memory, affect, and motivation.

Was Milgram's experiment justified?

Milgram argued that they are justified as the study was about obedience so orders were necessary. Milgram pointed out that although the right to withdraw was made partially difficult, it was possible as 35% of participants had chosen to withdraw.

What is the operant conditioning theory?

Operant conditioning, sometimes referred to as instrumental conditioning, is a method of learning that employs rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning, an association is made between a behavior and a consequence (whether negative or positive) for that behavior. 1

Is BF Skinner behaviorism?

B. F. Skinner was an American psychologist best-known for his influence on behaviorism. Skinner referred to his own philosophy as 'radical behaviorism' and suggested that the concept of free will was simply an illusion. All human action, he instead believed, was the direct result of conditioning.

How much does a PhD in psychology make?

In May 2020 the average clinical psychology salary with a PhD degree was $82,180. Meanwhile, clinical psychologists with PsyD degrees earned an average annual salary of $77,000.

Is psychology a BA or BS?

The B.A., or Bachelor of Arts, in Psychology is meant to prepare students for professional careers related to psychology. The B.A. often involves more elective requirements than the typical B.S. (Bachelor of Science), allowing students to focus on areas of study beyond general psychology.

Is a psy da dr?

Is someone with a PsyD a doctor? Yes, as a doctorate-holder, a person who has earned a PsyD could definitely refer to themselves as “Dr.,” though it's good to note that PsyDs are not medical doctors and in most states cannot prescribe medication or conduct medical treatments.

Who makes more money PhD or PsyD?

As stated above, the time in graduate school is typically shorter for a PsyD student than a PhD student. In a practical sense, this means that a PsyD student is able to get out and earn a real salary (on average) a year before a PhD student. Say you get out of school and earn about $60,000 with your PsyD.

What is functionalist approach?

The functionalist perspective sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability. This approach looks at society through a macro-level orientation and broadly focuses on the social structures that shape society as a whole.

Is functionalism macro or micro?

Structural Functionalism is a macro theory that looks at how all structures or institutions in society work together. Examples of structures or institutions of society include: education, health care, family, legal system, economy, and religion.

What was the Milgram obedience experiment?

The Milgram experiment(s) on obedience to authority figures was a series of social psychology experiments conducted by Yale University psychologist Stanley Milgram. The experiment found, unexpectedly, that a very high proportion of subjects would fully obey the instructions, albeit reluctantly.

How does functionalism explain behavior?

Functionalism is a theory about the nature of mental states. According to functionalism, mental states are identified by what they do rather than by what they are made of. Contrasted with behaviorism, functionalism retains the traditional idea that mental states are internal states of thinking creatures.

What is theory of functionalism?

functionalism, in social sciences, theory based on the premise that all aspects of a society—institutions, roles, norms, etc. Functionalism also postulates that all cultural or social phenomena have a positive function and that all are indispensable.

What is functionalism in psychology quizlet?

Functionalism is the doctrine that what makes something a thought, desire, pain (or any other type of mental state) depends not on its internal constitution, but solely on its function, or the role it plays, in the cognitive system of which it is a part.

What is functionalism in psychology PDF?

Functionalism is one of the major proposals that have been offered as solutions to the mind/body problem. Functionalism says that mental states are constituted by their causal relations to one another and to sensory inputs and behavioral outputs.

What do functionalist psychologists focus?

Functionalists sought to explain mental processes in a more systematic and accurate manner. Rather than focusing on the elements of consciousness, functionalists focused on the purpose of consciousness and behavior. Functionalism also emphasized individual differences, which had a profound impact on education.

What causes cathexis?

When this energy becomes associated with an ego-related activity, it becomes known as an ego cathexis. This dispersal of energy might involve seeking out activities that are related to the need. For example, a person may purchase a cookbook or watch a cooking show on television when they are hungry.

What is psychic energy called?

In psychology, psychic energy, or psychological energy, is the energy by which the workof the personality is performed. The concept of mental energies moving or displacing between various adjoined, conscious and unconscious, mental systems was developed predominantly in Sigmund Freud's 1923 The Ego and the Id.

What disorder is associated with learned helplessness?

Learned helplessness is linked with depression, PTSD, and other health problems. Research indicates that it increases feelings of stress, anxiety, and depression in both humans and animals.

What was B.F. Skinner's main theory?

B. F. Skinner was one of the most influential of American psychologists. A behaviorist, he developed the theory of operant conditioning -- the idea that behavior is determined by its consequences, be they reinforcements or punishments, which make it more or less likely that the behavior will occur again.

Is innate and the source of psychic energy?

in classical psychoanalytic theory, the dynamic force behind all mental processes. According to Sigmund Freud , the basic sources of this energy are the instincts or drives that are located in the id and seek immediate gratification according to the pleasure principle.

What is Skinner's theory?

The theory of B.F. Skinner is based upon the idea that learning is a function of change in overt behavior. Changes in behavior are the result of an individual's response to events (stimuli) that occur in the environment. Reinforcement is the key element in Skinner's S-R theory.

What is Watson's theory of learning?

John Watson's theory of behaviorism asserts that all behavior is predominantly influenced by external stimuli rather than internal mental processes. Key Terms: Stimulus: something that provokes a behavioral response. Antecedent: a stimulus that invokes a learned behavior in an organism.

What are some unconscious behaviors?

The unconscious can include repressed feelings, hidden memories, habits, thoughts, desires, and reactions. Memories and emotions that are too painful, embarrassing, shameful, or distressing to consciously face are stored in the enormous reservoir that makes up the unconscious mind.

Can someone unconscious cry?

A comatose patient may open his eyes, move and even cry while still remaining unconscious. His brain-stem reflexes are attached to a nonfunctioning cortex. Reflex without reflection. Many professionals speak of this condition as a ''persistent vegetative state.

Is Sleeping unconscious or subconscious?

Your subconscious works throughout the day when you are both awake and asleep but takes over entirely when you sleep. Free from the interference of daily life and external stimuli, at night your subconscious mind has nearly all the resources of your brain at its disposal.

Is Breathing conscious or subconscious?

Breathing is one of the few vital bodily functions that can be controlled consciously, as well as unconsciously. Conscious control of breathing is common in many activities, including swimming and singing.



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