Elite QandA


What happens when you sand against the grain?


  1. What happens when you sand against the grain?
  2. Do you sand in the direction of the grain?
  3. Why do you sand with the grain and not against the grain?
  4. How do you properly sand?
  5. Can you sand against the grain with an orbital sander?
  6. Can you sand with the grain with an orbital sander?
  7. How do you know if you're sanding with the grain?
  8. Do you sand up and down or side to side?
  9. What happens if you sand wood too much?
  10. How do you know when you've sanded enough?
  11. What is the best way to sand end grain?
  12. Do you wet sand in circles?
  13. Should you sand in a circular motion?
  14. How do you know when you have sanded enough?
  15. How do I know if I sanded too much?
  16. How much should you sand before staining?
  17. How much should I sand before staining?
  18. What do you seal end grain with?
  19. Should you sand in lines or circles?
  20. Is it better to wet sand or dry sand?
  21. Can you sand too much?
  22. Can you ruin wood by sanding?
  23. How do you know if you've sanded enough?

What happens when you sand against the grain?

Stephen Rosasco: Sanding against the grain leaves noticeable scratches in the surface, they can usually be sanded out afterward. John Swanson: You may not ruin it, but the surface will have more tear-out. This can be overcome by sanding with the grain on your final, finest grit.

Do you sand in the direction of the grain?

The grain of a wood is the direction in which most or all of the wood fibers are pointing, and one of the axioms of woodworking is to sand with the grain. Sanding against the grain inevitably leaves scratches that defeats the purpose of sanding the wood in the first place.

Why do you sand with the grain and not against the grain?

Sanding with the grain the marks are much less likely to cut across the wood grain, leaving an obvious trail. So by sanding along the grain you will need less time with finer and finer sandpaper to get the same finish.

How do you properly sand?

6:4210:13Are You Sanding Wrong? | How To Sand - YouTubeYouTubeStart of suggested clipEnd of suggested clipWhat's going to happen is when you're taking strokes over the top of it you're in a way ofMoreWhat's going to happen is when you're taking strokes over the top of it you're in a way of burnishing the material or pushing all the grain. Down differently. In different areas.

Can you sand against the grain with an orbital sander?

1 Answer. Sanding with or against the grain doesn't matter much until the last sanding stage, if that. Lots of us use random-orbit sanders which sand in all directions at once, and that works Just Fine.

Can you sand with the grain with an orbital sander?

Yes, orbital sanders can effectively sand wood. However, you should keep in mind that regular orbital sanders can leave circular marks on wood surfaces. If appearance matters to your project, you might choose a random orbital sander instead.

How do you know if you're sanding with the grain?

1:375:47Sanding & Grain - YouTubeYouTube

Do you sand up and down or side to side?

When sanding the edges or sides of the wood, sand in the direction of the grain of wood. If you sand across the grain, scratch marks will show. Use either a part of a sheet of sandpaper on a block of wood, or glue a full sheet of sandpaper to a piece of flat plywood.

What happens if you sand wood too much?

If wood gets over-sanded in one spot, it starts to become uneven, with a distorted sort of appearance. This can happen to even the most experienced woodworker. Usually this starts simply by attempting to sand out a discoloration, defect, scratch or gouge.

How do you know when you've sanded enough?

The best way to know when you're done sanding is to scribble a light pencil line across your wood before you start. Once the line is gone, move up to the next grit. Repeat up to the highest grit sandpaper, then wet your wood with mineral spirits to confirm there are no remaining marks.

What is the best way to sand end grain?

Simply sand the end and edge grains to one higher grit than the side grain. So if you sand the side grain to 150, sand the end grain to 220, if the side is 220, the end and edge grains should be 320 and so forth.

Do you wet sand in circles?

Sanding in Circles Don't sand in circles. Circular motions work great for spreading out of coat of wax over a painted panel but don't work well for sanding on car paint.

Should you sand in a circular motion?

Sanding in Circles Don't sand in circles. Circular motions work great for spreading out of coat of wax over a painted panel but don't work well for sanding on car paint.

How do you know when you have sanded enough?

The best way to know when you're done sanding is to scribble a light pencil line across your wood before you start. Once the line is gone, move up to the next grit. Repeat up to the highest grit sandpaper, then wet your wood with mineral spirits to confirm there are no remaining marks.

How do I know if I sanded too much?

If wood gets over-sanded in one spot, it starts to become uneven, with a distorted sort of appearance. This can happen to even the most experienced woodworker. Usually this starts simply by attempting to sand out a discoloration, defect, scratch or gouge.

How much should you sand before staining?

For "hard to stain" woods, finish sanding with 120 grit will usually accommodate the problem. For finish sanding on most furniture hardwoods (e.g., cherry and mahogany) use 180 grit or 220 grit. The use of grits up to 600 is certainly allowed but is not standard practice.

How much should I sand before staining?

Sand the wood twice with a medium grit sandpaper (100 to 120-grit) and twice with a fine grit sandpaper to remove any imperfections and prepare the surface for stain. Clean the wood with a damp rag twice, which serves to both remove any debris and condition the wood.

What do you seal end grain with?

Simply pre-seal the end grain. A light coat of a 2lb cut of shellac will work great for this. You can also use a solution of glue size.

Should you sand in lines or circles?

Don't sand in circles. Circular motions work great for spreading out of coat of wax over a painted panel but don't work well for sanding on car paint.

Is it better to wet sand or dry sand?

Wet sanding, which is sanding with the addition of water to act as a lubricant, is less abrasive than dry sanding, and results in a smoother finish. It's best to wet-sand the final finish of a project. Dry sanding removes more material, and smooths rough material quickly.

Can you sand too much?

If wood gets over-sanded in one spot, it starts to become uneven, with a distorted sort of appearance. This can happen to even the most experienced woodworker. Usually this starts simply by attempting to sand out a discoloration, defect, scratch or gouge.

Can you ruin wood by sanding?

Sanding should be done parallel to the grain, sanding across grain patterns, can cause permanent damage to the wood that may not be repairable. A moderate amount of pressure may be needed to sand off the pencil marks but the hand block shouldn't be forced into the deviations or dips in the over-sanded area.

How do you know if you've sanded enough?

The best way to know when you're done sanding is to scribble a light pencil line across your wood before you start. Once the line is gone, move up to the next grit. Repeat up to the highest grit sandpaper, then wet your wood with mineral spirits to confirm there are no remaining marks.



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